Statelessness Working Paper Series

In 2015, the Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion launched a Statelessness Working Paper Series, to facilitate the flow of knowledge and information between actors engaged with the issue across different contexts, countries and disciplines. This online, open access resource offers an avenue for centralising and sharing the latest knowledge, developments, and research findings on statelessness from multiple fields (including, but not limited to law, sociology, history, economics and health), to inform a more effective response to the issue globally. Starting in December 2015, we have published two editions of the Statelessness Working Paper Series each year, with several working papers each time. You can access all of the papers from this page (see below).

The latest (fifth) edition of the Statelessness Working Paper Series is also the final edition in this format. We are delighted to announce that in 2018, we will be re-launching this initiative in collaboration with Melbourne Law School's Peter McMullin Centre on Statelessness, under a new name, with a new format and with a newly established international editorial board. Full details and updated submission guidelines will be announced in the New Year.

We are extremely grateful to Maria Jose Recalde Vela and Caia Vlieks for their tremendous work as Managing Editors of the Statelessness Working Paper Series - ushering it safely from its inception in 2015 towards this exciting next phase.

Fifth Edition: December 2017

Cross-border Gestational Surrogacy in Japan and the Spectre of Statelessness (2017/05)

This paper by Patrick Balazo explores cross-border gestational surrogacy in Japan, and how this practice can give rise to cases of childhood statelessness.

Children Born in Australia’s Asylum System (2017/06)

This paper by Asher Hirsch analyses the precarious situation of stateless children born in Australia’s asylum system.

Citizenship deprivation, (non) discrimination and statelessness. A case study of the Netherlands (2017/07)

This paper by Sangita Jaghai is a reflection on how deprivation of nationality can create different classes of citizenship, and how this can (symbolically) destabilise social unity within a State.

Statelessness determination in Europe: towards the implementation of regionally harmonised national statelessness determination procedures (2017/08)

This paper by Noémi Radnai argues that the harmonisation of standards on SDPs within Europe can enhance domestic and regional efforts in the identification and protection of stateless persons in Europe.

Addressing Statelessness in Malaysia: New Hope and Remaining Challenges (2017/09)

This paper by Rodziana Mohamed Razali provides an overview of recent progress made in Malaysia regarding the prevention and reduction of statelessness, and also highlights opportunities for further action.

Fourth Edition: June 2017

Re-imagining Myanmar Citizenship in Times of Transition (2017/01)

This paper by José-María Arraiza explores how a revision of Myanmar’s nationality law—which implies the re-imagining and re-conceptualisation of nationhood in Myanmar—can allow non-nationals living in Myanmar to become full citizens.

Statelessness in India (2017/02)

This paper by Asha Bangar discusses the problem of statelessness in the Indian context by examining its nationality laws in light of international standards, and also explores how the current law can give rise to situations of stateless in India.

Addressing the Risk of Statelessness in Chile: From Strategic Litigation to #Chilereconoce (2017/03)

This paper by Delfina Lawson and Macarena Rodriguez explores the process of litigating through legal clinics to help children acquire nationality. It also addresses some of the challenges that still remain in Chile for the complete eradication of statelessness.

Childhood Statelessness Prevention in the Migratory Context: The Experience of Syrian Asylum Seekers in Belgium (2017/04)

This paper by Justine Raymond seeks to identify how Belgian laws and their implementation can effectively prevent statelessness among children of asylum seekers from Syria who are born in Belgium.

Third Edition: December 2016

Rethinking the Advocacy Tools of the EU in Exporting Legal Principles to the MENAT Region to Tackle Childhood Statelessness (2016/05)

This paper by Katalin Berényi reflects the potential advocacy tools of the EU in reducing childhood statelessness beyond its borders, with a special focus on Syria and those MENAT countries (Middle East and North Africa + Turkey) that host and/or produce stateless populations due to biased nationality laws and deficient civil registration practices.

The Enduring Relevance of Arendt’s Understanding of the Harm of Statelessness (2016/06)

This paper by James Draper examines Hannah Arendt’s understanding of the harm of statelessness, exploring how it can illuminate our understanding of statelessness today.

Chronology of Policies Affecting Potentially Stateless Persons and Refugees in Malaysia (2016/07)

This paper by Tamara Joan Duraisingam offers the reader an appreciation of snippets of policies affecting asylum seekers, refugees and stateless persons of Malaysia.

Born of the Islamic State: Addressing Discrimination in Nationality Provision through a Rule of Law Framework (2016/08)

This paper by Sean Lees argues that the rule of law provides a conceptual framework to help rationalize and strengthen approaches towards addressing statelessness, particularly in cases involving discrimination in nationality provisions.

Second Edition: June 2016

Empowering Refugee Women: Policy Prescription from a Field Survey in Bangladesh (2016/01)

This paper by Dorothy Khan explores the parameters of microfinance programs for stateless Rohingya women in Bangladesh and whether these programs foster empowerment.

Statelessness Displaced: Update on Syria’s Stateless Kurds (2016/02)

This paper by Thomas McGee provides a case study update on the situation of Ajanib and Maktumeen Kurds from Syria, focusing on their forced displacement.

Nationality: Romani; Citizenship: European (2016/03)

This paper by Maylis de Verneuil explores the evolution of the concept of EU citizenship in order to determine what scope there is for using this as a tool for greater inclusion of stateless Roma.

How does statelessness affect the ‘right to health’? An examination of the stateless Rohingya in Rakhine State, Myanmar (2016/04)

This paper by Melanie Waite seeks to fill the existing gap in the literature on the relationship between statelessness and the right to health, focusing on the situation of the Rohingya as a case study.

First Edition: December 2015

Statelessness in the GCC: Gender discrimination beyond nationality law (2015/01)

This paper by Betsy L. Fisher looks at the six states of the Gulf Cooperation Council, discussing three ways in which discrimination in the basis of gender and birth status can create statelessness—beyond nationality law.

Gender discrimination in Nepal and how statelessness hampers identity formation (2015/02)

This paper by Susann Rothe argues that the effect of holding a citizenship extends beyond a formal individual-state relation, illustrating that statelessness impacts the identity formation of affected persons through several internal and external factors.

Statelessness at the United Nations Compensation Commission (2015/03)

This paper by Maria Jose Recalde Vela explores the issue of redress for internationally wrongful acts, where it is the state of nationality that has the duty to request redress for the violations incurred by its nationals through diplomatic protection - excluding stateless persons.

Acts of citizenship and alternative perspectives on voice among stateless Vietnamese children in Cambodia (2015/04)

This paper by Charlie Rumsby gives a fresh perspective on the international response to statelessness, characterised by attempts to provide the stateless with legal protection and an ability to have access to the same rights as citizens.

Managing Editors

The Institute is proud to have the support of Ms Caia Vlieks and Ms Maria Jose Recalde Vela as Managing Editors of the Working Paper Series.

Caia Vlieks (LLM, cum laude) is a PhD researcher at Tilburg University. Her research focuses on statelessness in Europe, which also was the topic of both of her prize-winning master’s theses. Her previous relevant experience includes a position as articles editor with a law review.

Maria Jose Recalde Vela holds an LLM in international and European law and an MSc in Victimology and Criminal Justice, both from Tilburg University. She is currently a PhD Researcher at the same university.

You can reach the Managing Editors via